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Learning Disabilities (LD)



Overview

Our brain works like a computer and can perceive, process, and respond to various verbal and non-verbal information accordingly. Typically, we can understand graphics and spoken or written language. But when a child has difficulties performing these basic activities, they may have a learning disability.
According to our specialists, various congenital, hereditary, or other factors can cause learning difficulties. Our learning difficulties centre in Dubai is equipped to help kids tackle a wide range of learning difficulties and offer personalised treatments to suit their condition.

Learning disability categories

Children with LD have difficulty reading, writing, speaking, calculating and spelling words appropriately. They can be categorised into the following streams.

  1. Reading and writing skills
    Children may manifest different reading and writing difficulties, for example-

      Reading

    1. Stuck at a particular spelling

    2. Forgetting punctuation while reading

    3. Inconsistently paced reading

    4. Re-reading (reading lines over and over again)

    5. Forgetting the last line read

      Writing

    1. Laborious writing with grip pain

    2. Problem reading own handwriting

    3. Trouble in grammar, spelling or punctuation

  2. Learning difficulties in social interactions
    Children with LD may have problems comprehending language, organising thoughts, and understanding non-verbal signs and gestures. Some difficulties would include -

    1. Problems in interpreting facial expressions or cues in social interactions

    2. Lack of planning and organising thoughts, expressions and writing

    3. Problems in comprehending long sentences or maths problems in higher grades

  3. Difficulties in doing math
    Children face difficulties in -

    1. Understanding numbers, symbols and their correlation

    2. Understanding word problems

    3. Organising, recording and recalling problems when solving them

  4. What causes Learning disabilities?

    1. LD can be hereditary from one of the parents.

    2. High fever, illness, or injury at the time of birth.

    3. Lack of nutrition during fetal growth.

    4. Exposure to lead during gestation, at the time of birth, or in early childhood.

    5. Having neurological conditions such as ADHD.

    Common symptoms of learning difficulties

    1. Reading, writing, and math skills are not at par with age group.

    2. Problems in understanding and following instructions

    3. Problems in understanding time concepts

    4. Misplacing objects frequently without remembering

    5. Lack of muscle coordination in walking sports

    6. Being defensive and hostile while scolded by parents or teachers

    What are not learning disabilities?

    Children may face learning difficulties due to visual, hearing, or motor handicaps. But such difficulties are not considered LD.
    In addition, children may also be slow learners or suffer from emotional, environmental, and cultural disturbances. Even these cases are also not included in LD cases.
    Experts at Neuropedia thoroughly assess the child based on proven tests and clinical methodologies to diagnose LD in children.

    Role of diagnosis in recognising learning difficulties

    A child may have one or more learning difficulties, so accurate assessment helps increase the chances of better treatment.
    Our specialists personally assess children by interacting, observing and even recording their responses and examining them. If the child is an adolescent or much older with persistent learning difficulties in higher standards, then our experts may test his/her intellectual abilities through questionnaires.
    According to our specialists, accurate diagnosis offers the following benefits to the child.

    1. Exhaustive diagnosis of all learning disabilities

    2. Early treatment in the right direction

    3. Bringing awareness in children towards self-improvement

    Treatment options

    Typically, most therapies are personalised and offered by specialists. First, our specialists conduct psychological counselling with a child to reinforce the belief that they will be able to overcome their learning disabilities. Then, at each level of their therapies, they motivate children to perform at their best and turn off their negative thoughts, fears and stigma associated with their disabilities.
    Based on the diagnosis, the following treatment approaches are applied to bring about the best improvement in the child.

    1. An Individualized Education Program (IEP)-Each case of LD is different. Hence, the IEP programme finds the best way to teach children and mitigate their disabilities.

    2. Occupational therapy- It comprises a set of activities that improves their LD.

    3. Behavioural therapy- It comprises therapies that help alter behavioural aspects in children.

    4. Alternative therapies like music, art, dance, etc., to relax and train them mentally.

    Neuropedia is a one-of-a-kind learning disabilities centre in Dubai. Our experts try all possible therapies to remedy various pediatric disorders and learning disabilities and, through their endeavours, transform cases with positive outcomes.
    Choose Neuropedia to enhance your child's life. Contact us now!

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